Determinants of Women’s Use of Contraceptive Methods in Ethiopia: Evidence from 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey
Keywords:Migration types, contraceptive use, socio-demographic, Demographic and Health Survey
Providing women with quality and affordable family planning services is one of the major challenges in developing countries including Ethiopia. Various studies showed that migration and other socio-demographic factors are responsible for the low prevalence of contraceptive use in Ethiopia. The overall objective of the study was to examine the migration types, and socio-demographic factors associated with women’s use of contraceptive methods. A cross-sectional analysis of secondary data from 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) was conducted in order to achieve this objective. The 2016 EDHS interviewed a total of 15, 683 women, aged 15 to 49 years, both in rural and urban areas. Out of the 15,683 interviewed, only 10223 married women were study participants. Binary logistic model was used to analyze the multivariate analysis of the study. The multivariate results show that rural to urban migrant women were 1.32 times more likely to use contraceptive methods than those from urban natives. In relation to socio-demographic factors, women who live in rural areas, women with no education, women with no work, younger women, women with low birth-order and women in the poorest wealth index were less likely to use contraceptive methods. Therefore, attention should be paid to women with no education, women with no work, younger women, rural women and women in the poorest households to access and use of contraceptive methods.